Is There a Clubbing Effect Underlying Chinese Research Citation Increases?

学术成果期刊论文2016-09-07 11:04

Is There a Clubbing Effect Underlying Chinese Research Citation Increases?

Li Tang1*, Philip Shapira 2, Jan Youtie 3

1.1. School of Public Economics and Administration, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China. E-mail:

2.2. Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom

3.3. Enterprise Innovation Institute and School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, 75 Fifth Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30308.



There is increasing evidence that citations to Chinese research publications are rising sharply. A series of reasons have been highlighted in previous studies. This research explores another possibility—whether there is a “clubbing” effect in China’s surge in research citations, in which a higher rate of internal citing takes place among influential Chinese researchers. Focusing on the most highly cited research articles in nanotechnology, we find that a larger proportion of Chinese nanotechnology research citations are localized within individual, institutional, and national networks within China. Both descriptive and statistical tests suggest that highly cited Chinese papers are more likely than similar U.S. papers to receive internal and localized citations. Tentative explanations and policy implications are discussed.

Tang Li, Philip Shapira, & Jan Youtie. (2015). Is there a clubbing effect underlying Chinese research citation increases? Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 66(9), 1923–1932.